The World Is a Tea Party Presents: Your Guide to Japanese Tea Plants – M

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  Makinoharawase (まきのはらわせ)
Old Name: 牧の原早生
Used for: sencha
Prefecture: Shizuoka (静岡県)
Registered: 1953, #7
History: Shizuoka pre-existing seedlings selection
(静岡在来実生選抜)
  Makizono-dai-chaju (まきぞのだいちゃじゅ)
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
  Maku-Cp13 (-Cp13)
Old Name: 枕-Cp13
History: Ken Prefecture area selection of calm water Chinese seedlings  (中国浙江省紹興県平水実生選抜)
(rough translation)
  Maku-F1-288 (F1-288)
Old Name: 枕F1-288
Hybrid of: 鹿Ch2
and
Ai105
  Maku-F1-10087 (F1-10087)
Old Name: 枕F1-10087
Hybrid of: Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288)
and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ)
  Maku-F1-10115 (F1-10115)
Old Name: 枕F1-10115
Hybrid of: Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288)
and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ)
  Maku-F1-10123 (F1-10123)
Old Name: 枕F1-10123
Hybrid of: Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288)
and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ)
  Makura F1-95180
Hybrid of: A natural crossing of
Cha Chuukanbohon Nou 6
(Camellia taliensis and Camellia sinensis)
  Makura-Ko 02-712 (Beni-Kou27)
Hybrid of: progeny of Benibana-cha
  Makura-Ko 03-1384
Hybrid of: A natural crossing of
Cha Chuukanbohon Nou 6
(Camellia taliensis and Camellia sinensis)
  Makurazaki No. 1
(Makurazaki-1gou,
枕崎市1)
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
  Makurazaki No. 4
(Makurazaki-4gou,
枕崎市4)
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
  Makurazaki No. 5
(Makurazaki-5gou,
枕崎市5)
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
  Makurazaki No. 7
(Makurazaki-7gou,
枕崎市7)
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
  Makurazaki No. 8
(Makurazaki-8gou,
枕崎市8)
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
  Makurazaki No. 10
(Makurazaki-10gou,
枕崎10)
Old Name: 枕系29-12
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288)
and
Yabukita (やぶきた)
  Makurazaki No. 11
(Makurazaki-11gou,
枕崎11)
Old Name: 枕系29-17
Genotype: Pl1pl1pl1pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Ak1843
and
Yabukita (やぶきた)
  Makurazaki No. 12
(Makurazaki-12gou,
枕崎12)
Old Name: 枕系31-1
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ)
and
Kanayamidori (かなやみどり)
(S-6 and Yabukita (やぶきた))
  Makurazaki No. 13
(Makurazaki-13gou,
枕崎13)
Old Name: 枕系31-13
Genotype: Pl1pl1pl1pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Maku-F1-10115 (枕F1-10115)
(Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288) and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ))
  Makurazaki No. 14
(Makurazaki-14gou,
枕崎14)
Old Name: 枕系30-12
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Satsumabeni (さつまべに)
and
Yabukita (やぶきた)
  Makurazaki No. 15
(Makurazaki-15gou,
枕崎15)
Old Name: 枕系31-14
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Maku- F1-10115 (枕F1-10115)
(Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288) and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ))
  Makurazaki No. 16
(Makurazaki-16gou,
枕崎16)
Old Name: 枕系32-17
Genotype: Pl1pl1pl1pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Surugawase (するがわせ)
and
Maku-F1-10087 (枕F1-10087)
(Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288) and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ))
  Makurazaki No. 17
(Makurazaki-17gou,
枕崎17)
Old Name: 枕系32-22
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Maku-F1-10123 (枕F1-10123)
(Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288) and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ))
  Makurazaki No. 18
(Makurazaki-18gou,
枕崎18)
Old Name: 枕系32-24
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Maku-F1-10123 (枕F1-10123)
(Maku-F1-288 (枕F1-288) and
Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ))
  Makurazaki No. 19
(Makurazaki-19gou,
枕崎19)
Old Name: 枕系33-8
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Kanayamidori (かなやみどり)
and
Yabukita (やぶきた)
  Makurazaki No. 20
(Makurazaki-20gou,
枕崎20)
Old Name: 枕系34-15
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Sayamakaori (さやまかおり)
and
Yaeho (やえほ)
  Makurazaki No. 21
(Makurazaki-21gou,
枕崎21)
Old Name: 枕系35-5
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Sayamakaori (さやまかおり)
and
Maku-F81-20 (枕在81-20)
  Makurazaki No. 22
(Makurazaki-22gou,
枕崎22)
Old Name: 枕系36-6
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Sayamakaori (さやまかおり)
and
Kuritawase (くりたわせ)
  Makurazaki No. 23
(Makurazaki-23gou,
枕崎23)
Old Name: 枕系37-20
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Maku-F1-10115 (枕F1-10115)
  Makurazaki No. 24
(Makurazaki-24gou,
枕崎24)
Old Name: 枕系38-8
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Hybrid of: Sayamakaori (さやまかおり)
and
ME-52 (宮系)
  Marishi (まりし)
Old Name: まりし
History: Sugiyama Yaebo seedling selection
(杉山八重穂実生選抜)
  MC 3
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  MC 29
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Good Ability
  ME-52 (宮系)
Old Name: ME52
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Hybrid of: 宮崎在来選抜
  Meiryoku (茗緑,めいりょく)
Name meaning: literally “green tea”
Old Name: 金谷6号
Used for: sencha
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Kanaya (金谷町) in Shizouka (静岡県)
Flavor: refreshing
Registered: 1986, #35
History: Yabukita seedling selection (やぶきた実生選抜)
Hybrid of: seedlings of Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Z-1
Features:
  • Robust, easy to cultivate and main-tain, resistant to cold weather
  • Can be harvested 1-2 days earlier than Yabukita
  • Doesn’t fare well after a bark split injury due to frost
  • Higher caffeine and amino acid content, lower catechins
  • High yield
Photo 1:  meiryoku2
Photo 2:  meiryoku
  Mie No. 260
Genotype: pl1pl1pl2pl2      (susceptible to gray blight)
Prefecture: Mie (三重県)
  Mie-Ryokuhou-1gou (三重緑萌1)
Old Name: 三重緑萌1号
Prefecture: Mie (三重県)
History: Yabukita seedling selection (やぶきた実生選抜)
  Minamikaori (みなみかおり)
Old Name: 宮崎5号
Used for: sencha
Genotype: Pl1pl1pl1pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Registered: 1988, #39
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
MiyaA11 (宮A-11)
Photo:  minami-kaori
  Minamisayaka (みなみさやか)
Old Name: 宮崎9号
Used for: sencha, also proven to be very suitable for the production of lightly oxidized Japanese oolong tea
Used for: Both of which have.
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Registered: 1991, #42
Hybrid of: MiyaA-6 (宮A-6 (たかちほ and  宮F1-9-4-48))
and
NN27
  Minekaori (みねかおり)
Name meaning: literally “mountain peak aroma”
Old Name: 宮崎3号
Used for: kamairicha, kamairi tamaryokucha
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Prefectures: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Kumamoto (熊本県)
Oita (大分県)
Registered: 1988, #38
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた) cultivar
and
Unkai (うんかい) cultivar
Developed: at the Miyazaki Prefecture Agricultural Research Station
Features:
  • Good resistance to cold weather, about 30% better yield at harvest than Yabukita
  • Normal budding, harvested 1 day later than Yabukita
  • High resistance to anthracnose and gray blight
  • Although not a popular cultivar, it isn’t difficult to obtain a tea made with it
Photo 1:  mine-kaori2
Photo 2:  mine-kaori
  Miya Ck 6
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  Miya Ck 10
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Medium Ability
  Miya-F1-9-4-48 (F1-9-4-48)
Old Name: 宮F1-9-4-48
Hybrid of: アッサム種
and
コーカサス種
  Miyakei No. 2 (Miyakei-2gou)
Genotype: Pl1pl1pl1pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
  Miyamakaori (みやまかおり)
Used for: sencha
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Registered: 2003, #52
Hybrid of: Kyoken283
and
Saitama-lgou
  Miyazaki No. 7
(Miyazaki-7gou,
宮崎7)
Old Name: Mi80-01
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyazaki No. 8
(Miyazaki-8gou,
宮崎8)
Old Name: Mi77-02
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: MiyaA-6 (宮A-6 (たかちほ and 宮F1-9-4-48))
and
NN27
  Miyazaki No. 10
(Miyazaki-10gou,
宮崎10)
Old Name: Mi83-20
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
ME-52 (宮系)
  Miyazaki No. 11
(Miyazaki-11gou,
宮崎11)
Old Name: Mi83-52
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyazaki No. 12
(Miyazaki-12gou,
宮崎12)
Old Name: Mi80-05
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyazaki No. 13
(Miyazaki-13gou,
宮崎13)
Old Name: Mi82-11
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyazaki No. 14
(Miyazaki-14gou,
宮崎14)
Old Name: Mi84-33
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyazaki No. 15
(Miyazaki-15gou,
宮崎15)
Old Name: Mi84-117
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
ME-52 (宮系)
  Miyazaki No. 16
(Miyazaki-16gou,
宮崎16)
Old Name: Mi85-19
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: 京研283
and
Minamikaori (みなみかおり)
  Miyazaki No. 17
(Miyazaki-17gou,
宮崎17)
Old Name: Mi86-13
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: Sayamakaori (さやまかおり)
and
ME-52 (宮系)
  Miyazaki No. 18
(Miyazaki-18gou,
宮崎18)
Old Name: Mi86-39
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
ME-52 (宮系)
  Miyazaki No. 19
(Miyazaki-19gou,
宮崎19)
Old Name: Mi87-58
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: NN27
and
Himemidori (ひめみどり)
  Miyazaki No. 20
(Miyazaki-20gou,
宮崎20)
Old Name: Mi88-86
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: 京研283
and
Sayamamidori (さやまみどり)
  Miyazaki No. 21
(Miyazaki-21gou,
宮崎21)
Old Name: Mi89-30
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: Minamisayaka (みなみさやか)
and
Okuyutaka (おくゆたか)
  Miyazaki No. 22
(Miyazaki-22gou,
宮崎22)
Old Name: Mi89-43
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Asatsuyu (あさつゆ)
  Miyoshi (みよし)
Old Name: 国茶U15
Used for: sencha, kamairi tamaryokucha
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Registered: 1953
History: Ujishu seedling selection (宇治種実生選抜)
  Musashikaori (むさしかおり)
Name meaning: “Musashi aroma” (named after the Musashi province)
Used for: sencha
Prefecture: Saitama (埼玉県)
Flavor: comparable to Yabukita, good sweet/salty character
Registered: 1997, #46
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
and
Sai27-F 1-73
(a hybrid of the Sayamamidori cultivar and
a seedling from Hard Stem Red Heart
(硬枝紅心, Ying Zhi Hongxin))
Developed: At tea research institute the Japanese started in Taiwan.
Features:
  • Late-budding
  • Harvested 2-4 days later than Yabukita
  • Slightly higher yield
  • Mature leaves are smaller than Yabukita
  • Good resistance to cold weather
Photo 1:  musashikaori
Photo 2:  musashi-kaori

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