The World Is a Tea Party Presents: Your Guide to Japanese Tea Plants – D, F, G, H, I

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  Dah yeh oolong
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Poor Ability
  F 839
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  Fujikaori (藤かおり)
Used for: kamairicha
Old Name: 森園3号
Prefecture: Shizuoka (静岡県)
Registered: 1996
Hybrid of: Shizu-Inzatsu (印雑) 131
Yabukita (やぶきた)
Developed: at Koyanagi Tsutomu’s plantations, the son of Koyanagi Miyoshi who developed this cultivar with Morizono Ichiji.
Features: Uncommon.
  Fujimidori (ふじみどり)
Name meaning: Green tea from Fuji
Old Name: 静7224
Genotype: pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (moderately resistant to gray blight)
Registered: 1962
History: Unknown (不明)
  Fukuin 7
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
Note: May be a progeny of Benihomare (べにほまれ)
  Fukumidori (ふくみどり)
Name meaning: Fuku (福) means good fortune, so Fukumidori is meant to bring success to tea farmers.
Old Name: 埼玉4号
Used for: sencha
Genotype: pl1pl1pl2pl2      (susceptible to gray blight)
Prefecture: mainly Saitama (埼玉県) and Ibaraki (茨城県)
Registered: 1986, #36
History: In 1948, Yabukita (やぶきた) was crossed with Sayamamidori, resulting in 23F1-107 cultivar. It had some good qualities but buds that were to big and hard to process, so growers avoided it.

In 1957, researchers at Saitama Prefecture Tea Experimental Station crossed 23F1-107 back with Yabukita and got Fukumidori, which was a success.

Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた)
Sai23-F1-107 (さやまみどりand Yabukita (やぶきた))
  • Exceptional resistance to cold weather making it good for growing in northern regions of Japan
  • Normal budding, can be harvested one day later than Yabukita
  • Yields about 30% more
  • Susceptible to anthracnose
  • The processed leaves have a refreshing aroma unlike Yabukita
  • High quality, good tasting tea with nice color
Photo:  fukumidori
  Fuushun, Fuusyun, or Fushun
ふうしゅん, 富春)
Name meaning: “rich spring”
Old Name: 金谷12号
Used for: sencha
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Kanaya (金谷町) in Shizouka (静岡県)
Flavor: strong sweet/salty mix
Aroma: rich
Registered: 1991, #41
Hybrid of: Z1
Kanayamidori (かなやみどり)
  • More resistant to cold weather than Yabukita (やぶきた)
  • Branches tend to grow straight up, bigger leaves, less fertilizer needed
  • Greater yield (about 30% more)
  • Harvested 1-3 days later
  • Leaves should be picked early or they become too big and thick to produce nicely shaped finished leaves.
  • Weak against white peach scale and anthracnose
  • Fairly resistant to gray blight
Photo:  fuushun
  Gokoh or Gokou or Gokô (ごこう)
Old Name: 京研166号
Used for: gyokuro
Flavor: sweet-tasting
Registered: 1954
History: Ujishu seedling selection (宇治種実生選抜)
  Harumidori (はるみどり)
Old Name: Cha Norin No. 48
Used for: sencha
Genotype: pl1pl1pl2pl2     (susceptible to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Flavor: mellow with low astringency and bitterness
Registered: 2000, #48
Hybrid of: Yabukita (やぶきた) cultivar
Kanayamidori (かなやみどり) cultivar
Developed: August 2000 at Makurazaki Station of National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science
  • High-yielding
  • Harvest 5 days after Yabukita (やぶきた)
  • Very uncommonly grown
  Harumoegi (はるもえぎ)
Used for: sencha
Prefecture: Miyazaki (宮崎県)
Flavor: mild
Registered: 2003, #51
Hybrid of: NN27 and ME52 cultivars
Developed: at the Tea Branch, Miyazaki Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station
  • Medium budding, plant is erect type, fairly vigorous growth, spread of bush is narrower than Yabukita (やぶきた)
  • Immature leaves are light green
  • Both flushing and plucking times of 1st crop are 2 days later than Yabukita
  • Yield about same as Yabukita
  • Middle susceptible to tea anthracnose (Colletotrichum theae-sinensis), resistant to gray blight (Pestalotiopsis longiseta), fairly resistant to cold in mid-winter and bark split frost injury in early winter
  • Amino acids content high, tannin content low.
Photo: harumoegi

(only available in black-and-white)

  Harunonagori (はるのなごり)
Used for: sencha
Registered: 2012
Hybrid of: Saitama No. 1
Miyazaki No. 8
Developed: at the Tea Branch Facility, Miyazaki Agricultural Research Institute
  • Late budding, harvest about 4 days later than Yabukita (やぶきた)
  • Plant shape is slightly spread type, slightly vigorous growth
  • Resistant to anthracnose (Colletotrichum theae-sinensis), fairly resistant to gray blight (Pestalotiopsis longiseta), middle susceptible to blister blight (Exobasidium vexans), more resistant to Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targioni than Yabukita and Kanayamidori (かなやみどり)
  • Fairly resistant to cold damage in mid-winter, slightly susceptible to bark split frost injury in early winter
  • Yield higher than Yabukita, tea leaf quality as good as Yabukita
  • Color and aroma of processed tea better than Kanayamidori
Photo: harunonagori

(only available in black-and-white)

  Hatsumidori (はつみどり)
Old Name: 鹿緑原5号
Used for: sencha
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Japanese
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
Prefecture: Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Registered: 1954, #20
History: Mie Prefecture pre-existing seedling selection (三重在来実生選抜)
  Hatsumomiji (はつもみじ)
Old Name: 鹿A交配1号
Used for: black tea/oolong
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Very Poor Ability
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Registered: 1953, #13
Hybrid of: Ai2 Assam cultivar
Nka-05 Chinese cultivar
Features: high level of catechins and theanine
  Himemidori (ひめみどり)
Old Name: 福15号
Used for: gyokuro
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Registered: 1960, #23
History: Fukuoka conventional selection (福岡在来選抜)
  Hokumei (ほくめい, 北茗)
Name meaning: literally “north tea”
Old Name: 埼玉31号
Used for: sencha mainly, oolongs, and icho (slightly withered) green teas
Genotype: pl1pl1pl2pl2      (susceptible to gray blight)
Prefecture: Saitama (埼玉県)
Liquid: Yellow
Flavor: slight sweet/savory, medium astrin-gency
Aroma: Fresh
Registered: 1992, #43
Hybrid of: Sayamamidori (さやまみどり) cultivar
Sai5507 (埼5507) cultivar
(both are natural hybrids of Yabukita (やぶきた))
Developed: at Saitama Tea Experiment Station
  • Good for cold climate.
  • Higher resistance to pests, more resistant to anthracnose than Yabukita and Sayamakaori.
  • For other diseases, about same as Yabukita.
  • Harvested 3-5 days later than Yabukita.
  • Branches grow straight up, and with a bit more vigor than Yabukita.
  • Yield is about the same as Sayamakaori, greater than Yabukita.
  • Thicker leaves than Yabukita.
Photo 1:  hokumei2
Photo 2:  hokumei
  Hoshinomidori (星野緑)
Old Name: 星野緑
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Registered: 1981
History: Fukuoka conventional selection (福岡在来選抜)
  Houryoku (ほうりょく)
Old Name: 静4018
Used for: sencha
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Registered: 1955
History: Assamica hybrid selection (アッサム雑種選抜)
  Huang-Gan (ふあんg-がん)
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
  Inaguchi (いなぐち)
Old Name: 稲口
Used for: Black tea
Prefecture: Shizuoka (静岡県)
History: Yabukita seedling selection (やぶきた実生選抜)
  Indo (いんど)
Old Name: 鹿印雑2号
Used for: black tea
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Medium Ability
Prefecture: Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Registered: 1953, #12
History: Assamica hybrid selection (アッサム雑種選抜)
Hybrid of: var. assamica seedlings
  Inzatsu 131 (印雑 131)
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Medium Ability
Aroma: very strong, distinctive
Hybrid of: unknown Japanese cultivar
Assam cultivar
  • Belongs to the Assamica variety and has an Indian origin
  • Very large leaves
Photo:  inzatsu-131
  Izumi (いずみ)
Old Name: At5371
Used for: sencha, kamairi tamaryokucha
Registered: 1960, #24
History: Benihomare (べにほまれ) 実生選抜
Hybrid of: seedlings of Benihomare (べにほまれ)

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