The World Is a Tea Party Presents: Your Guide to Japanese Tea Plants – B, C

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  Beni-Kou27 (Makura-Ko 02-712)
Hybrid of: progeny of Benibana-cha
  Benifuji (べにふじ)
Old Name: X13号
Used for: black tea
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Good Ability
Note: May be a progeny of Benihomare (べにほまれ)
Registered: 1960, #22
History: Kanaya (金谷町) origin
Hybrid of: Benihomare (べにほまれ) (Assam cultivar)
and
C19 (Chinese cultivar)
  Benifuki / Benifuuki (べにふうき)
Name meaning: “red riches and honors”
Old Name: 枕崎3号
Used for: black tea/oolong
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Registered: 1993, #44
Hybrid of: Benihomare (べにほまれ) cultivar
and
MAKURA Cd86 (枕Cd86) cultivar
Features:
  • Higher amount of methylated catechin said to be good defense against hay fever*
  • Varies in taste and appearance from the Benikikari cultivar
  • Plant has strong vigor, high yield, and a unique, splendid fragrance

* Per the Japanese National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO). More info here.

Photo 1:  benifuki-leaves
Photo 2:  benifuuki_field_leaves_2013
  Benihikari (べにひかり)
Old Name: 茶支F1ANC1141
Used for: black tea (high-quality)
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Makurazaki (枕崎市) area of Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Good Ability
Flavor: high astringency
Aroma: strong incense-like
Registered: 1969, #28
Hybrid of: Benikaori (べにかおり) cultivar
and
鹿Cn1 (Chinese cultivar)
Developed: in 1952 at the Makurazaki Black Tea Experiment Station in Kagoshima (鹿児島県), now known as the National Research Institute of Vegetables, Ornamental Plants and Tea
Features:
  • High yield
  • Resistant to pests
  • High assam genetic proportion
  • Recovering for the next tea flush is longer
  • Too bitter for green tea
  Benihomare (べにほまれ)
Name meaning: literally “red honor”
Old Name: 国茶C8号
Used for: black tea
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
Prefecture: Kanaya (金谷町) in Shizouka (静岡県)
Liquid: brilliant red color
Flavor: Rich taste, high astringency. Can be drunk with milk and sugar.
Registered: 1953, #1
History: Assamica seedling selection (アッサム実生選抜)

Created to try to supply black tea to Western market, especially Europe. Tada Motokichi (多田元吉) learned about black tea production, but method didn’t work as well with Japanese tea plants. In 1887 he brought India’s assamica variety seedlings to Japan. A descendant of this seedling population was selected as this cultivar.

Hybrid of: descendant of an Assam cultivar
Developed: In the National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science in Kanaya
Features:
  • High resistance to pests
  • Very big, dark green leaves
  • Late-budding, medium resistance to cold, low yield at harvest
  • High astringency, mainly used for black tea
Photo:  benihomare
  Benikaori (べにかおり)
Old Name: 鹿A交配8号
Used for: black tea, houjicha
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Prefecture: Kagoshima (鹿児島県)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Medium Ability
Registered: 1954, #21
Hybrid of: Ai21 and Nka03
Features:
  • Pure Assam cultivar, originally developed for growing and producing black tea after world War II for US market
  • Roasting takes away the astringency
  • Often made into houjicha now
Photo:  benikaori-bush
  Benitachiwase (べにたちわせ)
Old Name: 鹿A交配16号
Used for: black tea
Genotype: Pl1pl1Pl2Pl2      (resistant to gray blight)
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Poor Ability
Registered: 1953
Hybrid of: Ai26 cultivar
and
Nka01 cultivar
  Benitsukuba (べにつくば)
Old Name: 紅筑波
Registered: 1958
History: Ibaraki pre-existing selection (茨城在来選抜)
  C 17
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Good Ability
  CA 278
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Poor Ability
  CA 288
Cultivar Type: hybrid
Oxidation: Poor Ability
  Cd 31
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  Cd 37
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  Cd 78
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Very Poor Ability
  Cd 86
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Very Good Ability
  Ch 2
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Medium Ability
  Cha Chuukanbohon Nou-6
Hybrid of: Camellia taliensis and Camellia sinensis
Features: No further information found.
  Chin-Shin-Da-Pan (Chin shin dan pang)
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Poor Ability
  Chin-Shin-Oolong
Genotype: Pl1Pl1      (resistant to gray blight)
Varietal: sinensis
Cultivar Type: Chinese
Oxidation: Poor Ability

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